Many people are unaware that there are a number of different coaching models that can be used by a coach. It certainly pays to match your coaching style with your client’s needs to get the best results. Let’s have a look at some of these different coaching models.
GROW Coaching Model
This is one of the best and well-known coaching models which was created by Sir John Whitmore. The GROW coaching model contains the following four major stages in the process:
1. Goal: This is the point where your client will establish goals for his personal and work life. At this point, setting goals will provide a sense of purpose for the entire session. This will make the conversation between you and your client more meaningful.
2. Reality: Once you have understood the goal of the client, you will now let him understand his existing skills, strength, etc. This stage is an opportunity for you to build your client’s confidence so he can achieve his goals.
3. Options: In this stage of the coaching model you will help your client to explore various options. You will let him understand that it is possible to develop his ideas so he can approach the wrapping session with ease.
4. Wrap Up: Once your client has found multiple options, he can now select the best solution and commit to it. As a coach, you have to ensure he sticks with his actions and has proper awareness about when, how and where he can find help.
This coaching model allows you to revisit any of the stages as per the needs of the client.
OSKAR Coaching Model
This coaching model originates from the Solutions Focused Approach. The OSKAR coaching model contains a powerful framework which is meant to focus more on solutions rather than the problems. It contains five major stages:
1. Outcome: First, you will need to understand the long and medium-term goals of your client and what he plans to achieve. At this point, you can ask him various questions to understand what he wants to get from this coaching session and help him to visualize desired results.
2. Scaling: After your client has a clear picture of their desired outcomes, you can utilize the scaling technique (i.e. on a scale of 1-10) to understand where your client is at in relation to his current goals.
3. Know-How: Here you will help your client to understand the skills or qualities required and the ways to establish resources. This is an important stage which will take more time to complete.
4. Affirm & Action: Now you will provide positive reinforcement to your client through positive comments and help him to understand what actions he has to take.
5. Review: At this point you have to review the entire process against your client’s desired actions. Understand what is better and what can be changed next.
CLEAR Coaching Model
This coaching model was developed by Peter Hawkins which is a perfect acronym for its stages given below:
Contracting: This is the very first point of CLEAR Coaching Model in which you will help your client to understand the goals they want to achieve. A clear understanding of the goals at this point will open up discussions and scope of the session by setting up ground rules.
- Listening: In this stage, you will listen to the client in order to gauge his greatest skills and strengths.
- Exploring: Here you will help your client to understand the impact of the situation on them. Challenge your client to think about better possibilities for the future.
- Action: At this point, you will help your client to choose an effective action to take so he can move forward to achieve the desired outcomes.
- Review: This is the final point where you will reinforce what has been covered and the decisions made. Encourage your client to provide feedback to understand what was helpful for him and what you can change to better improve future coaching sessions.
The CLEAR Coaching Model is quite similar to the GROW model except that it contains some extra stages.
Other Coaching Models to Consider
* Block Removal Coaching — This coaching model works when a person is resistant to growth, which causes a block, that usually is the result of a hidden fear or limiting beliefs.
* Innovation Coaching Model — This coaching model focuses on experimentation, creativity and innovation.
* 3-D Coaching Model — This coaching model works on who a person is and what they want, then how to get it.
* Bigger Thinking Model — The coach will challenge the person’s assumptions and work to break one out of their comfort zone and expand their thinking!
* Shift Coaching Model — When a person isn’t able to determine how to achieve their goals, a shift in thinking can help. The coach can help a person to step back, shift, and then move forward.
No one model is right or wrong, but it is helpful when you are able to cater your coaching styles to different environments.
Writer, Coaches Training Blog community